16 ways to say how are you in French

You walk to your friend, ask him “comment allez-vous ?” (how are you) and expect a passionate answer about what’s he’s been up to lately.

Instead, your friend simply answers “good, and you?”.

What did you do wrong?

Not much.

In fact, the only mistake you made was to use the wrong “how are you”.

In French, there are at least 16 ways to say “how are you”. Use the right “how are you” and French people will open up to you and gladly tell you about their day, thoughts and feelings. Use the wrong form and they’ll tell you “bien merci” while you’re left wondering what to say next.

Discover 16 ways to say how are you in French and other useful greetings!

Comment allez-vous: The classical “how are you”

“Comment allez-vous “ is the most common “how are you”. You can safely use it with anyone in any situation.

I say safely, because you won’t offend anyone by using it. However, it’s not the best “how are you” to use in informal situations.

It litterally means “how go you”. In French, we don’t use the verb “to be” in “how are you” and alwayse use “to go” instead.

That’s similar to the way “how is it going” is constructed except that “comment allez-vous” is way more formal.

Comment vas-tu: The awkward “how are you”

“Comment vas-tu” is the “informal” version of “comment allez-vous” as indicated by the use of “tu”, the informal French “you”.

However, it also uses the inversion way of asking questions which is considered formal.

The end result is a “how are you” stuck between formal and informal French.

I personally never use it, because I prefer “comment allez-vous” in formal situations and “ça va ?” in informal situations, and feel that “comment vas-tu” doesn’t belong anywhere and ends up being either too informal or too formal.

However, some people like to use it when they write to people they know well, but still want to sound serious. “Comment vas-tu” would fit nicely in a romantic letter for example.

Comment ça va: The friendly “how are you”

“Comment ça va” literally means “how is it going” or “how it goes”. You will frequently see it misspelled as como se va on the internet but this is incorrect and the only correct spelling is comment ça va.

You can use it with friends, family members and people you know well. Basically, with anyone you’re on a “tu” basis with.

Ça va: The short “how are you”


French people love deleting words and letters when they speak.

You can use ça va ? the same way you’d use “comment ça va ?”.

You just need to know that “ça va” is often considered less serious than “comment ça va” and other French “how are you” starting with “comment”, so people are less likely to give you a deep answer.

In fact, the most common answer to “ça va ?” is…”ça va” (literally: it goes), meaning everything is going well.

“ça va” is similar to the English “how are you” greeting. You use it more to say “hello” than ask a person how she is doing.

You can also start with “ça va” as a greeting and later ask “comment tu vas ?” to indicate that you now expect a more detailed answer. This is common if you meet someone in a public space or in a group and want to wait to be in a more intimate setting to talk.

If you like to be positive, you can also say “ça va bien ?” (is it going well?), but again, don’t expect a deep answer.

Sa va: The French slang “how are you”

“Sa va” is the slang “how are you”. It’s used the same way as “ça va ?” and the only difference is that it’s written wrong since “sa” normally means “her” and has nothing to do with “ça” (even though both are pronounce the same way).

Using it doesn’t make much sense since it’s not even shorter than “ça va”, so I recommend you not to use it at all unless you want to annoy your French teacher. 

It’s important to know it exists though, because lots of young French people use it on Facebook.

The most typical answer is “sa va”.

Comment vous sentez-vous: The deep “how are you”


“Comment vous sentez-vous” literally means “how do you feel?”.

You use it when you know someone was sick or had a problem and want to know if they’re now doing better.

A possible answer would be “ça va mieux” (I’m feeling better) or “pas terrible” (not great).

The concerned “how are you”

You can use  “comment tu te sens”  to ask a friend who was feeling sick or maybe a little depressed if he’s now feeling better.

This is simply the informal version of “comment vous sentez-vous ?”.

Like all other French “how are you” starting with “comment”, it usually requires a deep answer and not a simple “ça va”.

The casual “how are you”

“Quoi de neuf” is the French “what’s up” and literally means “what’s new?”.

You can use it with friends you haven’t talked to in a while or with anyone you’re on a “tu” basis with.

When you ask “quoi de neuf”, expect a detailed answer of what the person has been up to lately.

Quoi de beau: The positive “how are you”

“Quoi de beau” literally means “what’s beautiful?”. It’s a positve and casual way of asking how a person is doing.

Most people will answer by telling you about the nice things happening in their life, but you may also hear “pas grand chose” (not much) if the person feels that there is nothing nice happening in her life.

The relaxed “how are you”

Literally “it’s rolling”,  “ça roule” is a colloquial way to ask if everything is going smoothly.

You can use the French expression “comme sur des roulettes” (literally: like on wheels) as a positive answer.

Hello how are you?

If you want to say “hello how are you?”, you can simply say Bonjour comment allez-vous ?

Do note that asking how are you after hello is way less common in French than in English so won’t hear this often.

What you will hear a lot more is salut ça va (hi how are you.)

How to answer “how are you?” in French

French people generally expect an answer when they ask “comment allez-vous ?” or “comment tu vas ?”, but the answer doesn’t have to be long.

In fact, it’s common to simply say “ça va” (it’s going well) whether you actually feel good or not.

Like in English, you usually keep more detailed answers for your friends and people you know well.

Here are a few formal answers:

The last three answers sound formal, but you’re actually unlikely to use them in a formal context, because they sound negative and many people consider that your answer to “how are you” should always be positive in a formal context.

And a few informal answers:

After answering “how are you”, it’s polite to ask the person how she is doing.

In this case, you can say:

Over to you

Have you ever asked “how are you?” in France? How did it go? Share your story in the comment section below!

Benjamin Houy

Benjamin Houy is a native French speaker and tea drinker with a BA degree in Applied Foreign Languages and a passion for languages. After teaching French and English in South Korea for 7 months as part of a French government program, he created French Together™ to help English speakers learn the 20% of French that truly matters.

13 thoughts on “16 ways to say how are you in French”

Comments Policy

I would love to hear your thoughts about this article/lesson. Just make sure that your comment is relevant to the content of the article and adds to the conversation. Rude, racist and off-topic comments will not be approved.

Please also make sure to proofread your comment before posting. If you write in French, your comment doesn't need to be perfect but please use a tool like Bon Patron to spot common mistakes.

  1. Bonjour

    In answer to “Comment ça va ?”

    Can the following be used :

    Ça va super bien !
    Ça va bien !
    Comme ci comme ça !
    Ça va mal / Ça vas pas !
    Ça va très mal !

    (I confess these responses are from my son’s French textbook)

    Just wanted to know if they fall under the formal or informal category and
    whether they are typical French textbook phrases or they are used while conversing…

  2. Ok, first, forgive me for plugging one of your phrases into Google Translate, but I’ve been curious about how well their translators keep up on slang. When I plugged “ca roule” in, up popped “ca roule ma poule.” What is that one all about?

  3. Bonjours!
    Je voudrais a posé une question. Pourquoi ne pas dire terrible(terrible) mais pas terrible( not terrible) semble (Great)? Je vois cela assez souvent mais ne pas comprendre. J’aimerais que tu l’expliques. Merci.

    • If I may, I think it’s because you’re saying, “Not terrible…” — in a sense it’s a cynical phrase. It would be like saying, “Well I’m still alive / still breathing” cynically implying that things are not going well but you’re still hanging in there. I hope that makes sense. It’s my best assessment of that phrase.

    • No, you would not pronounce the “t” at the end of Comment. The only time you ever pronounce the letter at the end of a word is if there is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) at the end of the word.

      • t is pronounced in comment allez vous… right?
        The last consonant is pronounced if the next word starts with a vowel. Right?

    • Yes, technically. You would pronounce the ‘t’ with the ‘allez-vous’ instead of with the comment. So, it would be pronounced like “Commen tallez-vous?”

    • If you’ll read the whole article the author gives 2 examples. Paragraph 1.6 and 1.7. The paragraphs have spoken examples too

  4. Language is always evolving with short cuts, expressionism and adoption of other cool words.

    Back at school we were taught “je ne sais pas” that was shortened to “je sais pas” in the 60’s…..On a school boat trip over to Boulogne I spoke to a French guy taking a thouroughbred back to Chantilly…..he complimented me on trying to speak French and gave me pointers re pronounciation as their language swings along like a symphony with no stopping points between words. He also asked if I bet and told me to bet “le cheval Foxford Boy at ascot in 6 weeks, alors! he won’t win at Newmarket in 2 weeks…” and sure enough Foxford Boy ran 4th of 4 runners at Newmarket and 2 weeks later trotted up at Ascot……

    Loved french and its literature..and my kids are learning it now……

  5. Bonjour

    I usually use comment ca va

    and sometimes comment allez vous

    and answer is bien, merci

    j’ai utilisé habituellement ce mot comment ca va en France


Leave a Comment