The 2 Words You Need to Create Negative Sentences in French

Turning a positive French sentence into a negative one is pretty straightforward. In most cases, all you need to do is add “ne” before the verb and “pas” after it.

As often though, this doesn’t work in 100% of cases. Today, you’ll discover how to create a negative French sentence, be it in the present tense, near future, future or imperative.

You’ll also learn how to say “never” or “nobody”.

How to use “ne pas” to create a negative sentence

Before you get started, it’s essential for you to know that there is one case when you never use “ne” before the verb.

That’s when the verb starts with a vowel. In this case, you use “n'”.


Because it’s easier to pronounce.

Je n’aime pas le café

I don’t like coffee

Now let’s see when you can use the ne + verb + pas formula!

French negative sentence at the present tense

When you create a negative sentence at the present tense, you can easily use the ne + verb + pas formula.

Je ne mange pas ce soir.

I don’t eat tonight.

Vous ne venez pas demain.

You are not coming tomorrow.


French negative sentence at the future tense

The same goes for sentences using the future tense.

Je ne mangerai pas ce soir.

I won’t eat tonight.

Vous ne viendrez pas demain.

You won’t come tomorrow.

French negative sentence using the near future tense

The near future tense is constructed using aller + infinitive verb.

Je ne vais pas venir demain.
I am not going to come tomorrow.

In this case, make sure you put “ne” and “pas” around “aller” and not around the infinitive verb.

French negative sentence using the passé composé tense

The same is true for sentences using the “passé composé. Since the passé composé is constructed using avoir or être + past participle, you only put “ne” + “pas” around the conjugated verb, that is être or avoir.

Je n’ai pas mangé

I haven’t eaten yet.

French negative sentence using the imperative form

The imperative form is used to give an order.

Ne pars pas !

Don’t leave!

French negative sentence containing an object pronoun

When there is an object pronoun, instead of ne + verb + pas, you say ne + pronoun + verb + pas

Je ne le ferai pas.

I will not do it.

How to ask a negative question

You can also use “ne pas” to ask questions.

Tu veux manger ?

Tu ne veux pas manger?

Est-ce que tu veux manger ?

Est-ce que tu ne veux pas manger ?

Veux-tu manger ?

Ne veux-tu pas manger ?

When you ask a question using inversion, the structure becomes ne + verb + pronoun + pas + infinitive.

Sounds complicated? Don’t worry, your grammar book is the only place where you’ll see people using inversion to ask questions anyway.

[clickToTweet tweet=”Your grammar book is the only place where you’ll see people using inversion to ask questions” quote=”Your grammar book is the only place where you’ll see people using inversion to ask questions”]

How to say “never”, “nobody” or “nothing

You now know how to create a negative sentence, that’s pretty cool. But what if you want to say “never”, “nobody” or “nothing” instead of “not”?

Well, it’s actually simple.

All you need to do is… use “jamais” (never), “personne” (nobody) or “rien” (nothing) instead of “pas”.

Je ne ferais jamais ça.

I would never do that.

Je n’attends personne.

I don’t expect anyone.

Je ne veux rien.

I don’t want anything.

Why French people never say “ne”

drop the ne in spoken French

You may have noticed that the French rarely  pronounce  the “ne” when they speak.

That’s because they are lazy.

Here you go, one French stereotype confirmed.

No seriously, in informal situations, it’s perfectly acceptable to drop the “ne” when you speak French.

That’s one of several differences between written and spoken French.

Je ne danse jamais.

Je danse jamais.

Je n’ai pas faim.

J’ai pas faim.

That’s it! You now know how to create negative sentences in French.
Your French will only improve if you practice, so write your own negative sentence in the comment section below this article!

Benjamin Houy

Benjamin Houy is a native French speaker and tea drinker with a BA degree in Applied Foreign Languages and a passion for languages. After teaching French and English in South Korea for 7 months as part of a French government program, he created French Together™ to help English speakers learn the 20% of French that truly matters.

40 thoughts on “The 2 Words You Need to Create Negative Sentences in French”

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  1. In spoken French the ne is often omitted. Are there situations where the pas is omitted but the ne is the sole indication of the negative sense? Thank you for the lessons.

  2. Thankyou!!!
    Can you tell me which is right if I wanna say you aren’t interesting
    1)Tu n’est pas intéressant
    2)tu est n’intéressant pas
    3)tu n’êtes pas intéressant ??

  3. I am reading something in French from around 1620. It’s a negative question, or is it?

    It starts, “Consequemment faut-il pas,” followed by something to do.

    Now, if that were “Consequemment ne faut-il pas”, I’d know it would be translated as “Isn’t it, then, necessary to do that something?”.

    Is the correct translation here however, “Is it, then, a necessary step to do that something?”

    Were they dropping the ne in writing way back in 1620? Or is this really a positive question?

  4. Why do some sentences change totally as in
    1.’Y a-t-u toujours des gens au marché'(use ne….plus)
    Ans:non,il n’y a plus de gens au marché.
    Can someone please explain it for me???

    • From what it looks like this is an inverted question and the answer is written in the proper form using “ne… plus” which translates to neither or not… either.

  5. Reply to Trupti Bhore

    il y a un, une, des
    il n’y a pas de

    In general, think “pas de” although it’s not always the case.
    Preference verbs (aimer, preferer, detester, adorer – sorry can’t do accents in this box) ALWAYS use definite article (la le les l’) BOTH in positive and negative constructions. Hope that helps.

  6. Hello, can you please tell me if un, une,des change to de in negative sentences (not with ètre) but avoir and il ya,but what about other verbs in general

  7. When you want to negate an imperative in an informal situation, can you still drop the “ne” as in N’arrête pas to Arrête pas?

  8. I understand if “personne” is an object : “Je ne veux personne.” How does it work if it is the subject? Is it “Personne ne le veut” ( but not “pas” )?

    • J’ai mangé un dîner incroyable, J’ai mangé du steak, c’était un filet mignon, c’est très délicieux, Merci d’avoir posé la questionne

    • YEAH!!! when we convert a sentence containing verb etre, “de la”, “du”, “des”, “de l'” does not change to “de” or “d'” while in other verbs, this rule applies. That’s it.


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